Umrah is a non-mandatory pilgrimage to Makkah. Muslims can perform this pilgrimage in any part of the year.
During Hajj it is mandatory to perform Umrah if you are carrying out Hajj Tammatu and Hajj Qiran.
There are numerous books and other forms of resources available and we would advise you do research these to maximise your knowledge and gain rewards from Umrah
Wearing ehram and Meeqat
Before you start your journey to the Holy city of Makkah then one should make sure that you clean your body from all the unnecessary hair and cut your nails. After doing so you have to take a bath and make sure your body is clean and perform ablution.
To perform Umrah you have to wear Ehram and after wearing Ehram you have to abide by certain conditions. Following are condition that you have to abide by.
• The sole intention should be to perform Umrah in order to fulfil Allah’s command
• Try to avoid all major or minor sins from core of your heart. Try to pray and ask forgiveness from Allah and all the people for any wrong doing.
• Make sure you pray 5 times a day
• You should be strong to bear the troubles and the difficulties with patience on Hajj.
• It is advised to wear the Erhaam at the airport or on the plane
• Make sure that you have all your medications and you have taken the necessary vaccination as well.
• Your passport and travelling documents are extremely important thus you should have some carry bags that can hold all your important things.
Intention for Umrah
After wearing Ehram you need to offer two rakats of Nafal prayer after making the intention of Umrah. After doing so you have to read the following.
“Here I am O Allah, (in response to Your call), here I am. Here I am. You have no partner, here I am. Verily all praise, grace, and sovereignty belong to You. You have no partner.”
This type of prayer is called Talbiyah.
Enter Masjid Haram from any door. You should recite the following prayer and enter the first step:
Method of Tawaf
The most important step of Umrah is the Tawaf which is also known as circulation movement. After performing ablution you should come to the corner of Bait-ul-Allah. The point from where the Tawaf should be started is where the Hajr Aswad is located at the opposite of a green light that is fitted above ground in the place of Tawaf. While passing along there you need to make your intention for the Tawaf Bait-ul-Allah.
“O’ Allah I intend performing tawaf of your sacred house, (seven rounds) so make my tawaf easy for me and O’Allah accept it from me.”
After the intention you have to perform “Idhtiba” (Men Only). To perform Idhtiba you have to cover the left shoulder with one end of the ehram and pass the other end under the right arm. As you pass Hajre Aswad, raise your hand that your palm faces Hajre Aswad and recite
Now the first round of Tawaf is compete and you have to perform 6 more rounds of Tawaf in the same way. In first three rounds men will perform Ramal. Ramal is an act in which men will walk hastily, take shorter steps, lifting the legs forcefully, keeping the chest out and moving the shoulders simultaneously.
Now you need to offer two rakat Nafal and drink Zam Zam. While drinking zam zam you need to recite the following:
In the second step you have to perform the Sayee of safa & Marwa. In this you have to climb Safa Mountain to the point where you could see the Bait-ul-Allah:
Then you have to start running on Marwa Mountain with intention of Sayee. Men should run (The length is shown by green lighting) while the women walk. Repeat this 7 times to complete your seven rounds of Sayee of Safa and Marwa.
Now the third and the final step that is to perform Halaq. In this step men have to shave off their head while women have to cut 1-inch of their hair.
After this your Umrah is complete. It is strongly advised to take this opportunity to gain rewards while you are in the Holy city of Makkah.